Important Articles of Indian Constitution

1. Union and the Territory (Part I)- Articles 1-4

2. Citizenship (Part II)- Articles 5-11

3. Fundamental Rights (Part III)- Articles 12-35

4. Directive Principles of State Policies- Articles 36-51

5. Fundamental Duties (Part IVA)- Article 51A

6. Abolition of Untouchability- Article 17

7. Discrimination on caste, religion, race- Article 15

8. Equality in the case of Public Employment- Article 16

9. Right to Education – Article 21A

10. President Powers to grant Pardons- Article 72

11. Definition of Money Bill – Article 110

12. Annual Financial Statement/ Budget- Article 112

13. Joint Session of Parliament- Article 108

14. Power of Supreme Court to issue Writs- Article 139

15. Constitution Amendment Power – Article 368

16. Financial Emergency- Article 360

17. President’s Rule during Emergency- Article 356

18. Natural Emergency- Article 352

19. Election Commission of India- Article 324

20. High Court Powers to issue writs- Article 226

21. Finance Commission – Article 280

22. India Services- Article 312

23. Official Language- Article 343

24. Appointment of retired Judges in HCs- Article 224A

25. Duties of Chief Ministers- Article 167

26. President Powers to grant Pardon- Article 72

27. Governor Powers to grant Pardon- Article 161

28. Advocate General of a state- Article 165

29. CAG of India- Article 148 &149

30. Appointment of Governor- Article 155

31. President’s power to issue Ordinance- Article 123

32. Salaries/Allowances of Parliament- Article 106

33. Voting in Both the Houses of Parliament- Article 100

34. Duties of Prime Minister- Article 78

35. Powers, Privileges of Parliamentarians- Article 105

36. Attorney General of India- Article 76

37. Fundamental Duties- Article 51A

38. Uniform Civil Code- Article 44

39. Segregation of Judiciary from Executive- Article 50

40. Development of Intl Peace and Security- Article 51

41. Right to Constitutional Remedies- Article 32

42. Soul of Indian Constitution- Article 32

43. Right to Personal Liberty and Life- Article 21

44. Right against Human Trafficking- Article 23

45. Prohibition of Child Labour- Article 24

46. Safeguarding Interests of Minorities- Article 29

47. Right to Equality (Equality before Law)- Article 14

48. Name and its Territory- Article 1

49. New States Formation and Boundaries- Article 3

50. Right to Property- Article 300A

51. Executive (Part V- The Union)- Article 52-78

52. The Union Territories- Article 239-242

53. The Panchayats- Article 243-243O

54. Right to Equality- Article 14-18

55. Right to Freedom- Article 19-22

56. Right against Exploitation- Article 23-24

57. Right to Religion- Article 25-28

58. Right to Education and Culture- Article 25-28

Questions [Polity Articles]

Q1.Concept of welfare state in Indian Constitution is included in?

(a) Fundamental Rights

(b) Directive principles of state policy

(c) Citizenship

(d) Provision of Election Commission

S1. Ans.(b)

Q2.In which year fundamental duties were included in the Indian Constitution?

(a) 1974

(b) 1975

(c) 1976

(d) 1977

S2. Ans.(c)

Q3.Which of the following articles of the Indian constitution deals with citizenship in India?

(a) Article 333 to 337

(b) Article 17 to 20

(c) Article 05 to 11

(d) Article 01 to 04

S3. Ans.(c)

Q4.Which of the following amendments had reduced the age of the voters from 21years to 18 years?

(a) 52nd amendment

(b) 60th amendment

(c) 61st amendment

(d) 62nd amendment

S4. Ans.(c)

Q5.The permanent president of Constituent Assembly was

(a) Dr. Ambedkar

(b) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

(c) K.M. munshi

(d) J.L. Nehru

S5. Ans.(b)

Q6.Under which article of Indian Constitution, President of India enjoys powers to withhold his asset on any Bill?

(a) Article 63

(b) Article 108

(c) Article 109

(d) Article 111

S6. Ans.(d)

Q7.The Constitution of India provides for an Finance Commission under Article?

(a) 321

(b) 322

(c) 280

(d) 324

S7. Ans.(c)

Q8.Which article is related to Special Address by the President?

(a) Article 84

(b) Article 85
(c) Article 86

(d) Article 87

S8. Ans.(d)

Q9.The tenth schedule of Indian Constitution deals with

(a) Anti-defection legislation

(b) Panchayti Raj

(c) Land reforms

(d) Distribution of powers between the union and states

S9. Ans.(a)

Q10.The 73rd Amendment of the Indian Constitution deals with

(a) Panchayati Raj

(b) Compulsory primary education

(c) Nagar Palikas

(d) Minimum age of marriage

S10. Ans.(a)

Q11.When was the Panchayati Raj System introduced in India?

(a) 1945

(b) 1950

(c) 1959

(d) 1962

S11. Ans.(c)

Q12.After elections, vote of no-confidence against the sarpanch can be proposed only after

(a) 3 months

(b) 6 months

(c) 1 year

(d) 2 years

S12. Ans.(b)

Q13.Which of the following Articles of the Constitution of India makes a specific mention of village panchayats?

(a) Article 19

(b) Article 21

(c) Article 40

(d) Article 246

S13. Ans.(c)

Q14.How many types of writs can be issued by the Supreme Court?

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 5

(d) 6

S14. Ans.(c)

Q15.Who has the right to transfer any case anywhere in India?

(a) President

(b) Supreme Court

(c) High Court

(d) None of these

S15. Ans.(b)

Q16.Which article of Indian Constitution deals with amendment
(a) Article 268
(b) Article 352
(c) Article 356
(d) Article 368
S16. Ans.(d)

Q17.Which of the following articles deals with the prohibition of
traffic in human beings?
(a)Article 21
(b)Article 22
(c)article 23
(c)article 24
S17. Ans.(c)

Q18.Which of the following states has the largest representation in
the Lok Sabha?
(c)Madhya Pradesh
(d)Uttar Pradesh
S18. Ans(d)

Q19.By which amendment of the Constitution, the Word ‘Socialist’
was incorporated in the Preamble of the Constitution?
(a)42nd Amendment
(b)44th Amendment
(c)25th Amendment
(d)24th Amendment
S19. Ans.(a)

Q20.Which Article of the Constitution of India says, ‘No child below
the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory
or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment’?
(a) Article 24
(b) Article 45
(b) Article 330
(d) Article 368
S20. Ans.(a)

Q21.A Financial Emergency can be declared by applying 
(a) Article 360
(b) Article 361
(c) Article 370
(d) Article 371

Q22.How many times the President of India can seek re- election to
his post?
(b)2 times
(c)3 times
(d)any number of times
S22. Ans(d)

Q23.The Vice-President’s letter of resignation is to be addressed to
(a)Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha
(b)Chief Justice of India
S23. Ans.(a)

Q24.Which article of the Indian Constitution provides for the
uniform civil code for the citizens?
(a)Article 42
(b)Article 44
(c)Article 46
(d)Article 48
S24. Ans.(b)

Q25.Which committee had first of all recommended three-tier
Panchayati Raj in India in 1957?
(a)Balwant Rai Committee
(b)Ashok Mehta Committee
(c)Setalwad Committee
(d)Hanumantayaa Committee

Q26.In which case the supreme court evolved the concept of ‘Basic
Structure of Constitution’?
(a)Golak Nath case
(b)Shankari Prasad case
(c)Keshawa Nanda Bharti case
(d)Minerva Mills case

Q27.The speaker’s vote in the Lok Sabha is called
(a)Casting vote
(b)Sound vote
(c)Direct vote
(d)Indirect vote

Q28.Which article of the Indian Constitution empowers the
president to consult the Supreme Court?
(a) Article 129
(b) Article 132
(c) Article 143
(d) Article 32

Q29.Who is competent to dissolve the Rajya Sabha?
(a) The Chairman of Rajya Sabha
(b) The President
(c) The joint session of Parliament
(d) None of these
S29. Ans(d)

Q30.The Council of Ministers of Indian Union is collectively
responsible to the
(b)Prime Minister
(c)Rajya Sabha
(d)Lok Sabha

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